Thursday, March 16, 2023, UPI Almanac

Thursday, March 16, 2023, marks the 75th day of the year, with 290 more to come.

The moon is going down. Mars is the morning star. Jupiter, Mars, Uranus, and Venus are the evening stars.

Pisces is the sign of those born on this date. In 1751, one of them was James Madison, the fourth president of the United States; in 1789, Georg Ohm, a German physicist who was a pioneer in the study of electricity; Rosa Bonheur, a French painter, in 1822; In 1911, the German doctor Josef Mengele, also known as the “Angel of Death,” in 1912, former first lady Pat Nixon; in 1916, actress Mercedes McCambridge; in 1926, entertainer Jerry Lewis; Daniel Patrick Moynihan, a former senator from New York, in 1927; in 1940, the director Bernardo Bertolucci; 82-year-old game show host Chuck Woolery in 1941; in 1942, Jerry Jeff Walker, a singer-songwriter; entertainer Erik Estrada in 1949 (age 74); 74-year-old actor Victor Garber in 1949; 73-year-old actress Kate Nelligan in 1950; 70-year-old actress Isabelle Huppert in 1953; musician Nancy Wilson at the age of 69 in 1954; Ozzie Newsome, a 67-year-old member of the football Hall of Fame, in 1956; Flavor Flav, a 64-year-old rapper, was born William Drayton Jr. in 1959. In 1959, at the age of 64, NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg; Patty Griffin, a singer-songwriter, was 59 years old in 1964; 59-year-old film director Gore Verbinski in 1964; 56-year-old actress Lauren Graham in 1967; actor Alan Tudyk was 52 years old in 1971; Brooke Burns, a 45-year-old actor and model, in 1978; 37-year-old actor Alexandra Daddario in 1986; 35-year-old singer Jhene Aiko in 1988; performer Wolfgang Van Halen in 1991 (age 32); actor Ajiona Alexus was 27 years old in 1996.

The United States Congress approved the establishment of the United States Military Academy in West Point, New York, in 1802. In 1827, Freedom’s Journal became the first newspaper in the United States to be owned and operated by Black people.

Robert Goddard launched the world’s first rocket powered by liquid fuel in 1926.

Adolf Hitler ordered Germany’s general military conscription right away after he criticized the military provisions of the Versailles Treaty in 1935.

In one of the most significant conflicts in the Pacific during World War II, U.S. forces declared the island of Iwo Jima safe in 1945.

The Rev. A. Edward Banks became the 25th minister to be detained in 1956 for allegedly violating the Alabama state anti-boycott law, which was rarely used. After Rosa Parks was fined $10 for refusing to surrender her seat to a white person, the boycott of buses in Montgomery, Alabama, began.

For the first time in orbital history, NASA astronauts Neil Armstrong and David Scott docked their Gemini 8 spacecraft with an Agena vehicle in 1966.

The My Lai massacre took place in 1968 and resulted in the deaths of approximately 300 Vietnamese villagers at the hands of American troops.

In 1984, CIA station boss in Beirut, William Buckley, was captured by individuals from Hezbollah. Although it is believed that Buckley died of a heart attack sometime in June 1985, following nearly 15 months of torture, his captors claimed they executed him on Oct. 4, 1985.

Hezbollah members kidnapped the Associated Press’s Beirut bureau chief Terry Anderson in 1985. Before being freed on December 4, 1991, he spent more than six years in captivity.

In what the White House described as “a measured response” to a Nicaraguan invasion directed against U.S.-backed Contra rebels, President Ronald Reagan issued an order in 1988 to send 3,200 American troops to Honduras.

The International Atomic Energy Agency stated in 1994 that North Korea prohibited its inspectors from inspecting one of its seven nuclear facilities.

Japan reported in 2009 that its gross domestic product decreased by 12.7% annually in the final quarter of 2008, sending the nation into what experts deemed to be the nation’s worst financial crisis since World War II.

A referendum held in Crimea in 2014 revealed that an overwhelming majority of voters wanted the autonomous Black Sea peninsula to separate from Ukraine and join Russia.

Eight people were killed in a series of shootings in 2021 at three massage parlors in the Atlanta area. In light of rising anti-Asian sentiment in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, which originated in China, questions were raised as to whether the shootings were a hate crime because six of the victims were Asian women. The accused gunman was given a life sentence without the possibility of parole after telling police that he was motivated by a conflict between his Christian faith and his addiction to sexual activity.

After President Volodymyr Zelensky made a rare request for assistance in front of a joint session of Congress, U.S. President Joe Biden announced an additional $800 million in military assistance for Ukraine in 2022.

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